Many companies are looking to incorporate young students and recent graduates into their teams, looking for the innovation and productivity that is typical of this profile.
For their first employment opportunity, young people seek to enter into the world of business and gain an initial professional experience that allows them to constantly learn, and where they are able to contribute as much as possible to the company that has given them this opportunity. Their goal, therefore, is to seize the opportunity to grow and reach their full potential within the organization.
It is essential to pass a selection process in order to secure a job, and with the added disadvantage of having little previous experience. Preparation for this process, especially because of the lack of experience, is fundamental to success.
Preparing for an Interview
Every selection process begins or ends with a personal interview, so to secure your first job it is important, above all, to prepare correctly:
· Information is power: Take advantage of new technologies to find out as much as you can about the company you will be interviewing for. Recruiters like to know that you have done your research and have real interest in the company. You should also do some research about your interviewer if you are able to uncover his/her name, so you can be sure about what his/her role and responsibilities are. With the right information, you will be much more confident at the interview.
· Frequently asked questions: Most personal interviews share common questions whose aim is to get to know the candidate during an initial meeting. You should always prepare certain questions for the interview and, of course, never try to pretend that these replies are spontaneous by trying to seem like you are thinking about them before answering. It is not wrong to show that you have come prepared. Below are some of the most frequently asked questions at job interviews:
· Tell us a little about yourself.
· What are your strengths and weaknesses, professionally and personally?
· Tell us about a problematic situation you have experienced and what you did to fix it.
· What sets you apart from other candidates?
· What skills would you like to see in a candidate if you were the interviewer?
· Talk about an important decision you had to make recently.
· How would your friends describe you?
· Positive Attitude: Before the interview, think about whether the job they are offering is good for you, what are the benefits and how would your life would change if you were selected. This is very helpful to attend the interview with confidence and to be clear about your goals. To achieve this, it is important that you constantly tell yourself that an interview is not a test but a conversation where you too take part, so you can also ask questions.
· Make a good impression: Be sure of the image you want to convey - the idea is to impress this image on your interviewer, and when you know, do your best to make sure this happens. To do this, remember some points that, although they may seem obvious, during stressful times, as the first interview for a job or internship often is, can be forgotten.
· Smile, shake hands vigorously.
· Open with a “Good morning or good afternoon”.
· Dress formally for a job interview. It is better to dress too formal than too casual. Match your image to the values that the company represents and the position to which you aspire.
· Timeliness. Arriving 5 or 10 minutes earlier than your interview time is ideal. Remember that your recruiter may be busy if you arrive too much earlier, and although you don't care about waiting, it can make him/her nervous.
Phases of a job interview
As a general rule, all personal interviews usually follow the same pattern and all fall within a clear structure:
· Introduction: Both parties start contact through a brief explanation. The interviewer will start talking about the company, the department, and the vacancy to be filled. Then it will be your turn. Prepare a small presentation beforehand, ensuring it is not very long, about who you are and why you are interested in the position on offer.
· Development: The goal of any candidate at this stage is to show that they have the perfect profile to work at the company. During this stage, you have to always listen carefully and answer according to what you have prepared.
· Closing: This stage is, in turn, divided into two parts: a recap of the entire conversation (on both sides) and marking the next steps of the selection process.
Objectives of an interview
To understand where to take the interview, you have to have clear the objectives of your interviewer to make sure you can show the best of you in each of these points. When you leave the interview, you can review these 6 fundamental aspects of the job interview and analyze what you have said and shown for each.
Your interviewer wants to know “who you are” as a result of your training, personality, attitude, skills, motivation and knowledge.
· Training: Describe your studies. Always highlight what the best fit for the offered position is and the tasks you know how to perform within the responsibilities included in the vacancy. Talk about them, but do not delve into all those areas where you have training but that has no relation to the company or position you are applying for.
· Personality: Show off your best side. The first impression you give your interviewer can mark your future, so try to highlight the qualities of your personality that you think are a better fit with the values of the company.
· Attitude: Optimism. A good attitude is contagious, try to leave your interviewer positive about your candidacy, and leave the impression that you have the energy and enthusiasm necessary to give it all at work.
· Skills: Highlight your strengths. Try mentioning your stand-out professional skills and those you believe the company needs. In this way, they will see in you the ideal candidate for the tasks that are assigned to the job vacancy you aspire to secure.
· Motivation: Prove that your interest is real. If you truly want to convey enthusiasm, you must know everything about the company and during the interview you should apply everything you have learned. Highlight those aspects of the company that resonate with you, so that you will be able to fit in with the company.
· Knowledge: Look back. Everything learned in business practices or at other jobs is knowledge that you have acquired and this is sure to enhance your candidacy at the job interview. Analyze your prior knowledge and use it to prove your worth.
A job interview is an act of communication where you must make clear the message you want your interviewer to remember. To do this, you must understand that your message is transmitted not only by what you say but also by how you say it.
Some aspects to work on so that your communication during the interview is perfect are listed below. The key is to ensure that your words, the tone of your voice, and your body are coordinated:
· Sincerity: We may be able to fool others with words, but never with our nonverbal communication. If you do not believe in what you are saying, your body won't react the same as if you do.
· Do not exaggerate: All non-verbal communication should be natural, otherwise your voice and your gestures will betray you.
· Breath or drink water: The best way to calm down and relax yourself is to focus on your breathing and to drink water if necessary. It will give you the peace necessary to continue the interview.
To improve employability in regard to your first selection process it is important to communicate who you are very well.